The United States Patent and Trademark office will issue an "Action" setting forth their finds as to patentability and, in the case the finding is negative, will require the Applicant to file a "Response." Usually, after one or two Responses, outstanding issues are resolved as to the form of the claims and the scope of protection.

Patent application prosecution is dependent upon the complexity of the rejection, the reasonableness of the Examiner, the closeness of the prior art as compared to the scope of patent protection desired by applicant, and the quality of the applicant's comments for responding to the Examiner. The period of prosecution, and the interval over which these added costs are incurred, averages one to two years.

After allowance, and upon payment of issuance fees, the application issues into a patent.

Copyright 1995 Michael J. Colitz, Jr.